London, population 7.8 million, is the capital of the United Kingdom and one of the major global financial centres. Cycling in London has increased significantly in recent years - cycling levels on major roads are 150% higher than they were in 2000. Several cycle freight businesses have emerged in recent years, including catering delivery, office supplies and pedicabs.
Cycling has benefited from measures to reduce motor traffic into central London, including a congestion charge, which operates from 0700 to 1800 during weekdays. This measure, together with improvements to public transport and cycling provision, helped reduce car commuting by 45% since the late 1990s.
London has also benefited from the arrival of bike-sharing scheme, which has brought 6,000 bikes to central London in August 2010. The scheme has 140,000 registered users and is also available for tourists to use. Over 7 million trips have been made so far.
CTC Charitable Trust is the UK's national cyclists' organisation. CTC is a membership organisation and a charitable trust united in providing leadership in cycling. We have a UK-wide membership of 70,000 people, 400 local cycling groups, partnerships with over 100 local authorities and 4,000 registered volunteers who all help us in identifying local needs which gives us a unique expertise in this approach. CTC Charitable Trust brings together the largest, most dynamic, most diverse, most passionate group of cyclists in the UK as an independent organisation working for and representing cycling and cyclists. CTC Charitable Trust widely promotes the benefits of cycling and access to cycling. It raises public and political awareness of the needs of current and future cyclists. CTC was founded in 1878 and is the UK’s oldest cycling organisation.
CTC Charitable Trust has experience in a number of EU-funded projects as a partner, namely OBIS, LifeCycle, EuroVelo and Cyclelogistics. Kevin Mayne, CTC’s Chief Executive has been Vice President of the European Cyclists’ Federation since 2007.
CTC is one of the nine partners of the cyclelogistics project and is also responsible for Work Package 2 – ‘Analysis & Concept’. This is due to our experience and affiliation to the target group of end users. For a similar reason CTC is also task leader for private goods transport.
By having an over 130-year history of experience in virtually everything to do with cycling we have done some in-depth work about the history of cargo bikes and in Europe, their rise, demise and recent rise again in popularity. For example we found out through our research about the historical development of the different forms of the cargo bike, since similar designs were emerging at similar times in many countries. Britain and particularly Coventry was crucible of cycle manufacturing and development in the early stages at least, so the CTC sources provide the first examples of most forms. But not all: the front extended bicycle is certainly a Danish original, the Long-John being the fore-runner of the Bakfiets, whereas rear-extended bicycles are a more recent idea that probably originates in USA.